The nanoGUNE building, located at the Campus of Ibaeta of the University of the Basque Country in San Sebastian, was inaugurated officially in January 2009. This is a building of 6,200 m2 that includes 15 ultra-sensitive laboratories in the basement and a cleanroom of about 300 m2 for nanofabrication.
Progress in nanoscience research is only possible if one can actually fabricate nanoscale materials and measure their properties on the nanometer scale and with sufficiently high sensitivity. Thus, one key challenge was to build a unique infrastructure, free of electromagnetic interference (EMI), with an ultralow level of vibration and acoustical noise, and ultra-clean rooms available. In order to achieve this goal and host state-of-the-art facilities (including e-beam lithography, scanning-tunneling, atomic-force, nearfield- optical and high-resolution electron microcopes, and a dual-beam focused ion beam) for nanoscience research, a complex working team was put together, with experienced architects and engineers, and vibration, EMI, and clean-room consultants.