DIPC Colloquium: The coming decades of quantum simulators
Contemporary quantum technologies face major difficulties in fault tolerant quantum computing with error correction, and focus instead on various shades of quantum simulation (Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum, NISQ) devices, analogue and digital quantum simulators and quantum annealers. There is a clear need and quest for such systems that, without necessarily simulating quantum dynamics of some physical systems, can generate massive, controllable, robust, entangled, and superposition states. This will, in particular, allow the control of decoherence, enabling the use of these states for quantum communications (e.g. to achieve efficient transfer of information in a safer and quicker way), quantum metrology, sensing and diagnostics (e.g. to precisely measure phase shifts of light fields, or to diagnose quantum materials). In this Colloquium we present a vision of the golden future of quantum simulators in the decades to come.
Donostia International Physics Center
Maciej Lewenstein, ICFO