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Complex Excitonic Phenomena in Photophysics from Advanced Computational Approaches

Thursday, August 30, 2018 - 12:00
Place: 
Donostia International Physics Center
Who: 
Sivan Refaely-Abarmson, University of California, Berkeley; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Source Name: 
DIPC


New developments in the theory of excited-state phenomena can lead to better understanding of nanoscale mechanisms of processes in photophysics and predictions of new materials hosting such phenomena. In this talk, I will discuss recent studies using ab initio many-body perturbation theory to uncover and understand such mechanisms in extended materials. I will present a new approach to calculate multi-exciton generation in solids from first principles and describe an application of this approach to singlet fission in organic crystals. Focusing on crystalline pentacene, I will discuss a newly discovered exciton—bi-exciton coupling channel and a new selection rule for singlet fission, associated with the crystal symmetry and structure. Additionally, I will describe a recent study of excited state properties in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides with structural defects; these impurities can give rise to localized states, introduce strongly-bound excitons below the absorption edge, and reduce the valley-selective circular dichroism. These findings suggest a novel pathway to tune spin-valley polarization and other optical properties through defect engineering. 
Host: Sara Barja

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